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Mapping racial covenants in just the beginning. These stories explore the human side of structural racism in Minneapolis, and how covenants shaped the lives of the cities residents.

Notes from the Archives:
Evelyn's Addition

Kirsten Delegard, Penny Petersen, Marguerite Mills

August 19, 2020

In the first decades of the twentieth century, John Scott worked to expand the boundaries of Black owned land in Minneapolis. In 1904, the Black waiter acquired four acres in the southwest corner of the city, just a block from the 50th and France intersection that would later be known for its high-end shopping. Scott's story illuminates how land was more than an economic investment for Black families; it was a form of resistance. It also shows how hard it was for Black families to maintain control of land during this period of intensifying white supremacy. In the case of Scott, once he sold pieces of his original homestead, it was restricted for the exclusive use of white people through racial covenants.